China's waste plastic recycling poses a serious th

2022-08-09
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Hairdressing report: China's waste plastic recycling seriously threatens the U.S. market

after a joint study by the American Plastics Council (APC), the national polyester packaging Resources Association (napcor), the American Federation of plastic recyclers (APR) and the National Soft Drink Association (NSDA), the 2002 national plastic recycling report was issued. The report pointed out that the recycling ratio of polyester and high density polyethylene (HDPE) in the United States continued to be lower than that of aluminum cans in the same period. In 2002, the recovery rate of polyester packaging containers was 19.8%, while that of HDPE packaging containers was 24.2%. In sharp contrast, the report of the American Aluminum Association pointed out that the recovery rate of American aluminum cans in 2002 was 53.4%

due to the high value of aluminum cans, the recycling rate is higher. Compared with the low recycling rate of polyester and HDPE containers, there are many reasons. As for the problem that disposable plastic bottles are difficult to recycle, some industry observers believe that there are not enough recycling facilities. At the same time, some changes in the packaging container industry have also hindered the recycling of plastic containers

the low recovery rate of polyester and HDPE packaging has caused a supply crisis to American recycling manufacturers, and the recycling capacity of these two products is greater than the supply capacity. Jean bina, the commercial director of Phoenix technology company in Ohio, said that the declining recovery rate has affected the domestic market that has successfully developed waste plastic treatment and utilization technology, and the higher export demand from China has exacerbated the supply tension

the demand for waste plastics in Asia not only affects the supply and price of degradable plastics, but also affects their quality. Luke Schmidt, President of napcor, headquartered in Charlotte, North Colorado, pointed out that China has recently stepped up its purchase of waste polyester bottles from the United States. Historically, Chinese buyers have been the main players in the West Coast market, but they now extend their tentacles to the east coast and actively purchase waste bottles here. According to the statistics of napcor, the polyester export of the United States in 2002 increased by 17.5% over the previous year. Floyd flexon, vice president of environmental issues at Amcor polyester packaging, which has a polyester bottle and chip recycling device in Michigan, said that the 2003 may show that% of recycled bottles were exported

Judith Dunbar, manager of APC technical assistance program headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, said that too many waste plastic bottles were transported from the west coast to overseas markets. The identification ability of buyers in overseas markets is poor, so the proportion of impurities in waste plastic bottles is high. In terms of material quality and quantity, it will have terrible consequences for the domestic plastic recycling industry in the United States. Flexon agrees that the growth of Chinese demand affects the supply capacity of waste plastic bottles in the U.S. market. Chinese buyers seem to buy everything without saying a word, so it is almost unnecessary for polyester and HDPE waste bottle suppliers to improve the quality of their products. Ms. bina also pointed out the impact of Chinese demand on the U.S. waste bottle market. All products bought by China have increased prices and decreased quality. It is difficult to obtain good quality and good price at the same time

Phoenix technology company adopts the technology developed in cooperation with its management partner plastic technology company to granulate and combine the recycled polyester bottles with China's recent guiding ideology of comprehensive, harmonious and sustainable scientific development concept, so that they can be used for food packaging again. Mr. flexon said that the devices demanded by China have made the price of polyester waste bottles reach the highest level in nine years, while the price of final products in the United States has not increased, and the profits of domestic polyester bottle chip recycling manufacturers have been seriously eroded. If this situation continues, many bottle chip recycling and processing manufacturers will be closed in the next 18 months

Mr. Schmidt said that the price of waste polyester bottles is cents/pound, which is quite high, and the historical average is about cents/pound. The main reason for the price rise is the growing demand for waste polyester bottles in China. Mr. flexon said that the current price level actually fell from the level of 21.5 cents/pound at the end of January this year. The reason for the price drop this time may be the Chinese Spring Festival, but the time is a little different. Mr. Dunbar said that the biggest challenge at present is that it is difficult to meet the needs of domestic plastic recycling and processing manufacturers in the short term

however, pat Franklin, executive director of the packaging recycling Institute (CRI), headquartered in Arlington, Va., where the failure was found, pointed out that such activities would cause pollution of recycled bottles. He said that there is an obvious problem in these activities, that is, recycling more kinds of bottles will reduce the quality of recycled materials

although the society adopts various ways to collect waste plastic bottles, the recycling rate of plastic bottles in the United States is declining year by year

because the quality made of HDPE is mostly used to pack milk, household cleaners and other household products, it is relatively easy to recycle, but polyester bottles are mostly used to pack disposable beverages, which are often consumed outside the home, so it is difficult to recycle. However, every session of American society is still trying to improve the recycling ratio of waste plastic bottles

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